Ankle Sprain Information:
Ankle Sprains are one of the most common injuries that we treat and they are the nemesis of many runners and sports participants. Immediately painful and incapacitating, the injury can often develop into a chronic problem. If treated early and properly, the ankle should heal well, and allow a safe and early return to activity.
There are 5 predisposing factors:
- Previous Injury
- Weak Muscles
- Inappropriate shoes
- Uneven surface
- Poor proprioception of foot
The injury is usually the result of the ankle turning in and over. Ankle sprains may be graded into three degrees of severity. The severity of the injury will dictate how long it will take before a return to full activity.
- The first degree injury is the most common and most minor if not neglected. it is actually a sprain of the ligaments connecting the bones of the ankle. They are stretched but not torn, with very little swelling and no instability. The person is usually back to sports within a couple of days or weeks.
- The second degree injury is more serious. The ankle ligaments are partly torn. There is some blood in the tissues and there will be bruising of the ankle after a couple of days. This condition requires at least 3-6 weeks before return to full activity.
- The third degree is the most severe. It is a more serious tear of the ligaments, (may include a fracture) and sometimes requires surgery.